Germany Demographics

What is Demographics?

Demographics means statistical characteristics of a group of people. In this article we will discuss on the Germany demographics .

Using demographics we can analyse the characteristics of the population of a nation.

Germany in other words, Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central Europe. It is the second most populous country in Europe, where Russia is the most populous country in Europe. Germany covers an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) which consists of 16 states.

In this article, we will describe about the demographics of the people in the Germany. We will discuss on the population and population growth rate, age structure of the population, life expectancy, infant and child mortality rate, and urban population of the Germany.

Demographics of Germany

Population and population growth rate

As I mentioned above, Germany is the second most populous country in the Europe. So, many people like to stay in Germany. Total population of the country is 83,783,942 and it accounts for 1.08 percent of the global share (, 2020).  Population density of the county is very high and it is only lower to Belgium and Netherlands when compare with other European countries.  Between the period of mid of the 1970s and 1980s, population growth of the country has decreased. To increase the birth rate government of the Germany has provides subsidies and tax reliefs for the families. But, after that Germany has experienced huge population growth as a result of the large amount of immigrations

As per the projections are made by the statisticians, at the end of year 2021, population of the Germany will come to the peak point and total population will be 83.9 million. By the year 2025, it will start to decrease the population slightly. At the end of this century, statisticians expect that total population will be decreased up to 74.73 million and then both Great Britain and France will have more population than Germany.

Age structure of the population

Total population of the Germany can be divided in to seven major groups and percentage of the people relevant to these groups can be presented as follows.

Age structure of Germany population

Majority of the population in Germany comprises with the 45 -59 age group and it is 24.3 percent from the total population. So, we can hope that in the future, one fourth of the total population of the Germany will with comprised with 60 – 74 age group. Like most of the industrialized countries in Germany, percentage of the population under age 15 is quite low, about one-eighth of the total. Also, portion of population of age between 15 – 44 is 34.2 percent and it can be considered as a good percentage. Because these people give higher contribution to the labour force of the country.

Life expectancy

Germany have life expectancy of 81.9 years for both genders. Life expectancy for females is 84.1 years while life expectancy for males is 79.6 years. So, averagely a woman is expected to live more than man in Germany.  Also, life expectancy has increased according to the data from 1955 (, 2020).

Infant and child mortality rate

In the year 2020, Infant Mortality Rate in Germany is 2.1 for 1000 births. That means if there are 1000 births, there is a 2.1 probability of having deaths at the births. Deaths under age 5 in Germany is 2.6. That means if there are 1000 births, there is a 2.6 probability of having deaths before children reach age five. Also, both Infant and child mortality rate have been decreased according to the data from 1950 (, 2020).

Germany Urban Population

Germany Urban Population: In the year 2020, 76.4 % of the population of Germany is urban as a number it is 63, 930, 305 of people.  German urban population has been increased according to the data from 1955 (, 2020). But urban population will not increase in the future according to predictions.

Reference List

Encyclopedia Britannica. (n.d.). Germany – Demographic trends. [online] Available at:

World Population Review (2020). Germany Population 2020 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs). [online] Available at: (2020). Germany Demographics 2019 (Population, Age, Sex, Trends) – Worldometers. [online] Available at:

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